A puncture strength test is performed simply to determine resistance something is to being punctured. Performing a puncture test on a universal testing machine (tensile / compression tester) is a highly accurate and repeatable method.
ADMET eXpert 2611 set up for Puncture Test
Any material (films, textiles, elastomers) that have an end use where puncture resistance is an important design characteristic are all tested with this type of setup. The actual test method should mimic the end use of the designed product. For example, if you were a manufacturer of leather work gloves, you may need to perform a test where a Phillips screwdriver head shaped probe punctures a rigidly held piece of leather work glove. If you are a designer of rock climbing apparel you may want to know how your textile performs when coming into contact with sharp rock points.