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ASTM F1306 | Plastics and Elastomers | Puncture Testing

Penetration resistance is a vital part of the quality of thin, flexible materials in which any sharp-edged item pointed downward will not break past the barrier of a film or laminate.  ASTM F1306 is a specification regarding the slow rate penetration resistance properties of flexible barrier films and laminates. Thin, flexible specimens must be of uniform thickness at 0.0025 mm or 0.0001 in.

A universal testing machine with a recording device and penetration probe are needed to perform this test. Ultimately, the force, energy, and elongation to perforation of the material are observed. Before conducting ASTM F1306, one should read the whole ASTM specification.

ASTM F1306 | Plastics and Elastomers | Puncture Testing

  1. Cut each test material into at least 5 samples of 3 in x 3 in square and clamp one at a time in test fixture.
  2. Apply a small force (< 1 lb) to the specimen and zero the position (preload).
  3. Continue the test at a constant rate of crosshead movement according to the specification and continue until the sample ruptures. Return the crosshead to the home position after rupture.
Calculations:
  • Force to Break (Peak)
  • Energy to Break
  • Probe Penetration to Break (Displacement)

ASTM F1306 | Plastics and Elastomers | Puncture Testing

ASTM F1306 | Plastics and Elastomers | Puncture Testing

ASTM F1306 Recommended Equipment
Testing System
Fixturing
  • Puncture Fixture
    • Probe: A 3.2 mm diameter biaxial stress probe for application and comparison of materials and results.
    • Specimen Clamping Fixture: A test diameter of at least 34.9 mm or a diameter ratio of 10 to 1 is necessary for the comparison of test results
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